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Etymology and history

The word "Emerald" is derived (via Old French: Esmeraude and Middle English: Emeraude), from Vulgar Latin: Esmaralda/Esmaraldus, a variant of Latin Smaragdus, which originated in Greek: σμάραγδος (smaragdos; "green gem"); its original source being either the Hebrew word אזמרגד izmargad meaning "emerald" or "green"or the Sanskrit word marakata meaning "green." The name could also be related to the Semitic word baraq (בָּרָק ;البُراق‎; "lightning" or "shine") (cf. Hebrew: ברקת bareqeth and Arabic: برق barq "lightning"). It is the same source for the names Persian(زمرّد zomorrod), Turkish (zümrüt), Sanskrit (maragdam), Russian (изумруд; izumrud)and Armenian zmruxt.

Emerald description

Emeralds belong to the group of beryllium (Be 3 Al 2 [Si 6 O 18]). This is a group of silicate of beryllium and aluminum ring. Beryl crystallizes in the hexagonal system, creating a form of hexagonal pillars and fundamental dodecahedron. Shade of emerald is so unique that he was given a special name: emerald. Emerald coloring agent is chrome, so no other colored stones such as green vanadium should be called green beryl, not emeralds. The color of emerald is resistant to heat and light, while the section of color is often uneven. Emeralds in the layers of magma formed under high pressure, due to the infiltration of elements of rocks undergoing transformation. It is mined almost exclusively from the parent rock, which are in the form of veins. The most typical are the inclusions of emerald oil, forming clusters called gardens (Jardin fr.), sometimes including small gas bubbles and crystals. Smaller inclusions often form a plume and veils, penetrating the crystal in different directions.

Emerald in jewelry

Before the 20th century, jewelers used the term water as in "a gem of the finest the 20th Emeralds are the ideal green, and they make a striking addition to any piece of jewelry as a bracelets, pendants, rings, earrings and necklaces and brooches.


Emeralds are mined from Columbia and Brazil. The Brazil is the major producer and Columbia is recognized as the source for the finest stones. They are also found in Pakistan, Russia, Australia, South Africa, India, Norway, and the United States.

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